Trails--British Columbia



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Trails--British Columbia

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Trails--British Columbia

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Trails--British Columbia

56 Archival description results for Trails--British Columbia

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Alfred Bryant interview

CALL NUMBER: T0623:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Alfred Bryant recalls some of his childhood experiences settling near Soda Creek and homesteading in Tatla Lake with his family, 1919 to 1928. Mr. Bryant discusses his father's background; coming to settle in BC in 1919; life and incidents at Soda Creek and Meldrum Creek; how his family worked at a hotel in Riske Creek; teamsters; the Bechers, who ran the hotel and details of a journey to a homestead at Tatla Lake in 1922. TRACK 2: Mr. Bryant continues the story of the journey to Tatla Lake; his first days at Tatla Lake and the cabin there; sleeping arrangements, his first .22 calibre rifle; life at Tatla Lake; and social occasions.

CALL NUMBER: T0623:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Bryant recalls some of his experiences in the Anahim Lake area of the Chilcotin, 1930 to 1966. Mr. Bryant tells stories about his sister Jane Lehman's experiences as a nurse in the wilderness of the Chilcotin; making moonshine; moving to the Anahim Lake region in 1931; life at Anahim Lake; people of the area; and comments about Native people. TRACK 2: Mr. Bryant comments on the Bella Coola area; the story of Lord Tweedsmuir's visit in 1937, and its effect on the local economy; trappers' cabins in the wilderness; comments about the conditions among the local Indians; and stories about "Capoose" who was a well known Indian of the area.

CALL NUMBER: T0623:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Bryant discusses the so-called "grease trail", which runs from Bella Coola into the Fraser Plateau; the travels of the Stikine Indians; the route followed by Alexander Mackenzie in 1790; more on the grease trail and other trails in the area; Benny Franklin, who was a well known character of the area; and experiences travelling on some of the trails. Finally, Mr. Bryant recites a poem by his father about a local incident involving Bob Graham and some Indians. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Alfred Drinkell interview

CALL NUMBER: T0314:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Alfred Joseph Drinkell tells some stories about the history of the Dog Creek area of the Cariboo, from 1860 to 1914. Drinkell discusses his arrival in BC in 1911. He describes the ranches he worked at around Ashcroft, Joseph Smith's place, and his financial problems and life before he came to BC. He tells anecdotes about Judge Begbie. He tells a story about Samsome, a local doctor, and the legendary packer Jean Caux ("Cataline").

TRACK 2: Drinkell relates the story of Cataline's last trip and describes many trails in the area. He speaks of Joy Sim, a Chinese doctor, and pioneer medicine. He discusses some of Cataline's packers: Robbins, Wiggins Dan Smith, and the first settlers in the area. He describes the Hudson's Bay Trail, freighting, roads in the area, stories about Phil Grinder of Jesmond, a local school teacher, and educated people.

CALL NUMBER: T0314:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-23 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Drinkell describes the early days of Ashcroft, the Chinese in the area, two anecdotes: the Wright of the Dog Creek Ferry and the Stobie of the Gang Ranch. He offers the background of the Gang Ranch and describes cattle drives, the Duke Of York, a Barkerville bartender, and local Indians.

TRACK 2: Drinkell discusses cowboys, social life and Christmas. Then he mentions Indian-White relationships and a story about Indians and the law. He discusses the Chilcotin and Shuswap Indians, problems with the reserve system, Chinese settlers in the Dog Creek area, and the importance of Chinese in the area. Finally, Drinkell tells the story of five Indian women who killed themselves over a white man, and how nails and gold dust were used as money.

Angus McDonald interview

CALL NUMBER: T0414:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], [1965?] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Angus McDonald was born in Carville, Washington, and moved to Alberta for wheat farming, and then to BC for cattle ranching. His father was Scottish and his mother was American; his father followed mining prospects all around BC. He describes how his family decided where to settle by describing various places in BC. He describes the CPR and the Hudson's Bay Company's monopoly of land. He describes how the bureaucracy of the Hudson's Bay caused them to transfer lands; spent a first winter at Strom, Alberta, went across the Yellowhead to Strathcona, South Edmonton, to buy horses; he discusses the horses that they had; they continued on to BC in 1907; he describes several characters on the trip; his siblings and family; several anecdotes about the 16-week trip; and several trails. TRACK 2: McDonald continues by describing his father; a story about a trapper; more about the trip; rafting; Swift Creek; Jasper House; more about the trip.

CALL NUMBER: T0414:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], [1965?] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. McDonald continues discussing the journey; sights and anecdotes; the town of Tete Jaune Cache. Mr. McDonald talks about campsites up the Thompson River; Hell's Gate; trails in the area,; and his experiences on these trails. TRACK 2: Mr. McDonald discusses buying horses and land; ranching; Bridge Lake, 110 miles from Ashcroft, and life in the area.

Arthur and Kathleen Baird and Norah Thompson : interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-09-02 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Norah Thompson recounts her father, William Karn, arrival in Ucluelet in 1910; his pre-emption; the homestead; trails; other settlers; failure of the pre-emptions and life in Ucluelet. ;Mrs. Kathleen Baird [Mrs. Thompson's sister] discusses their father's arrival in Ucluelet; family life; disillusionment with the pre-emptions; George Fraser; and shipwrecks. Arthur Baird talks about h;is early life in Port Renfrew; his father's work as government lineman and customs officer, circa 1912; pre-emptions in the area; building of trails; a "bridge" over Jordan River; the patrolmen who searched for shipwrecks along the west coast; settlement; community at Port Renfrew; logging; transportation; canoes; Indians and transportation of cow by canoe. [TRACK 2: blank.]

Caroline Moffat interview

CALL NUMBER: T1784:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Caroline Moffat recalls some of her experiences in the Tatla Lake area, 1921 to 1937, including: a winter journey to her homestead in Tatla Lake in 1923, school days at Tatla Lake, wild horses, growing up in the bush, encounters with wild animals, gatherings at Tatla Lake to distribute mail, details of a winter journey to Corkscrew Creek in the Anahim Lake area in 1931 to start a ranch there. TRACK 2: Mrs. Moffat continues discusses meeting Lord Tweedsmuir during his visit to the Bella Coola valley in 1937, incidents of a cattle drive at Anahim Lake, anecdotes about a pet moose, a story about an altercation with local Indians and the local deputy.

CALL NUMBER: T1784:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Moffat describes the landscape around Anahim, the story of a journey made to give birth to her first child in 1940, activity in the Anahim Lake area around the time she moved there in 1932, stores and settlements and roads in the area, the trail to Bella Coola, an anecdote about Ralph. TRACK 2: Moffat finishes her discussion of Indians, people in the Ulkatcho area, stories about encounters with wolves and cougars, Pan Phillips and her sister Jane Lehman, travels in the area, and a story about a load of hay.

CALL NUMBER: T1784:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Moffat comments and tells stories about her brother and sisters, Alfred Bryant, Jane Lehman and Bunch Trudeau, her parents, Phyllis Bryant Kellis and Cyrus Bryant, her father's background, a winter journey with her sister Jane (who was a nurse) to take care of an Indian. TRACK 2: More stories and discussions of local Indians including Joe Kapoose and Thomas Squinas, the death of her father, stories about wild horses, her first trip to Anahim Lake to find land and comments about the area.

CALL NUMBER: T1784:0004 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-07-20 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Moffat tells a story about a neighbor, Indians and liquor, a description of the Bryant cabin at Tatla Lake: the stove and bath nights, a story about her mother digging a well, the garden, pastimes at a nearby lake, stories about Jane and her family, her father's pioneering spirit, travels, memories of the rail journey to Clinton and a wagon trip to Soda Creek in 1919. TRACK 2: A discussion of her personal philosophies such as reincarnation, arising from the discovery that she has cancer, her attitudes toward death, reflections on the quality of her life and winding up her affairs, a story about an altercation with Indians over a horse and a load of hay, and an encounter with a cougar.

Cliff Kopas interview

CALL NUMBER: T1273:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Clifford Kopas recalls arrival in Bella Coola in 1933 and tells some early history, 1862-1894 PERIOD COVERED: 1862-1933 RECORDED: Bella Coola (B.C.), 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Clifford Kopas recalls his arrival in Bella Coola in 1933 and discusses some early history of the region (1862-1894): his arrival in Bella Coola by following Alexander Mackenzie's route in 19;33, the trip from Quesnel to Algatcho, his arrival in Firvale, and his first impressions of the Bella Coola Valley. TRACK 2: Clifford Kopas discusses the Waddington massacre, the death of Governor Frederick Seymour in 1869, fishing, the arrival of Lieutenant H.S. Palmer of the Royal Engineers in 1862, "The Grease Trail" from 1862 to 1869, "overlanders" who came to Bella Coola in search of gold, 1;869 Hudson's Bay Co. established their post, a series of men who served at the fort from 1869-1882, the 1883 arrival of missionaries including William Henry Pierce and Thomas Crosby, how in 1885 B.F. Jacobsen visited Bella Coola and took 9 native people to Germany, and the Norwegian settlers who arrived in 1894.

CALL NUMBER: T1273:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Clifford Kopas : Bella Coola road, 1951-1955 and more history, 1922-1937 PERIOD COVERED: 1793-1955 RECORDED: Bella Coola (B.C.), 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Clifford Kopas discusses Bella Coola Road (1951-1955) and more history from the region (1922-1937). Kopas discusses the construction for the Bella Coola Road including problems, costs, a com;parison to previous trails, the canyon, the precipice, and Indian routes. Then he discusses other activities pertaining to the road including tourism, logging, mining, and fishing. TRACK 2: Clifford Kopas continues with more on the road including the need for a highway, the building of an airstrip, television, the differences between isolation and civilization, tourism and hotels. Kopas discusses; petroglyphs (rock carvings) which were unearthed in 1922 , the origins of Indians in the area including details about crossing the Bering Strait, a description of Alexander MacKenzie's trip in 1793, Kopas' own trip through the Interior (compared to MacKenzie's), "Grease Trail", Lord Tweedsmuir's visit, Bella Coola's move in 1937, and details about the typhoid epidemic.

CALL NUMBER: T1273:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Clifford Kopas : life in Bella Coola - the people PERIOD COVERED: 1966-1966 RECORDED: Bella Coola (B.C.), 1966-08-19 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Clifford Kopas describes relationships between whites and Indians, the Indian adaptation to white civilization, a breakdown of the male population in occupations, agriculture in the Bella Coo;la Valley, how milk is brought in from Vancouver, weather in the winter, his impressions of Anahim Lake, community spirit and Norwegians, and the advantages of Bella Coola as a port. [TRACK 2: blank.;]

Dick and May McGrane interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-09-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. May McGrane recalls her childhood in Rossland, including descriptions of the town at that time, a description of Phoenix, and entertainment buildings in Rossland. A trip with saddle horses in 1909 to Ootsa Lake, including details about how they did it and who they did it with. A boat trip to Bella Coola, the Bella Coola Trail, a Norwegian log house, more stories about the Bella Cool;a Trail, trading with Indians and characters around Ootsa Lake including Skin Tyee. TRACK 2: Mrs. McGrane discusses social events and stories of Ootsa Lake. Then, Mr. Dick McGrane describes his various jobs, involvement with labour organizations, reasons for going to Ootsa Lake, prospecting and trapping, and a story about a friend named George Sanneford.

Don Whitham interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-11-06 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. J.D. Whitham discusses some people of Kelowna, and the days of steamboats on Okanagan Lake, 1912 to 1937. He describes his family background; why they came to the Okanagan; memories of his uncle's farm in Manitoba; the family orchard in the Glenmore area; general recollections of the Kelowna area and people including several stories about Dr. Boyce; the Kelowna regatta; the fruit business, including details about the showdown over apple prices in the late 1920s; orchards; tobacco growing; and stories about Rembler Paul. TRACK 2: Mr. Whitham continues with more on Rembler Paul';s tomb; boats on Okanagan Lake, including Captain Shorts and the CPR sternwheelers; the SS "Sicamous" and Captain J.B. Weeks; more on Captain Shorts; the operation and construction of the lake boats; Indians of Westbank, and the Okanagan fur brigade trail.

Dr. Erle Nelson interview

CALL NUMBER: T3150:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1975 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: How Dr. Nelson, Dr. Roy Carlson and Dr. Rudi Haering became involved in exploring Alexander Mackenzie's trail through central BC and looking for the source of a form of obsidian used in trade among native people; their first adventures travelling by horse in a pack train. TRACK 2: Following Mackenzie's trail from Haering's Blackwater Ranch; confirming Mackenzie's fish story; impressions of the landscape; camping along the route; discoveries of obsidian; local residents; finding the trail; crossing the Blackwater River to Kluskus; church at Kluskus; wildlife on the trail; Indians at Kluskus; artefacts.

CALL NUMBER: T3150:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1975 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Trail from Kluskus to Pan Phillips' dude ranch; obsidian in the Ulkatcho mountains; travel to Dean River; trip to Vancouver to have rock analysed; visit to Ulkatcho village. TRACK 2: Trail through Tanga Lake; trip over Mackenzie Pass to the Bella Coola River and down to Bella Coola; visit to Mackenzie's rock; canoe trip down the Bella Coola River; radio contact with the outside world; brief comments on the trip as an experience.

Dr. Roy Carlson interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1975 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. Roy Carlson describes his part in the trip over Alexander Mackenzie's trail to find the source of mysterious forms of obsidian used in native trade; visit to the Trudeau ranch; travel on horseback; Kluskus village, its church and archaeological sites; the obsidian trade and why it is studied; adventures while travelling from Blackwater Ranch to Tanya Lake, through Mackenzie Pass to Bella Coola; finding sources of obsidian. TRACK 2: Information from locals; sources of obsidian and the trade along the trail; comments on ranching in that part of the Chilcotin.

Dr. Rudi Haering interview

CALL NUMBER: T3149:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): The obsidian trail : [tape 1] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1975 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Dr. Rudi Haering tells how he became involved in exploring the trade route along Alexander Mackenzie's trail through BC, and looking for the source of a form of obsidian used in trade among native people; X-ray techniques in archaeology; trade routes; how the three scholars (i.e., Haering, Carlson, and Nelson) got together to find the source of the mysterious obsidian; findings; problems along the trail. TRACK 2: Finding the trail from Mackenzie Pass to the Bella Coola Valley; trip from the Blackwater Ranch to Mackenzie Pass through Kluskus and Ulkatcho; Burnt Bridge Creek; canoeing down the Bella Coola River with natives; Indian story about Mackenzie.

CALL NUMBER: T3149:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): The obsidian trail : [tape 2] RECORDED: [location unknown], 1975 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Retracing Mackenzie's route from Blackwater Ranch on horseback and wagon; campsites; wildlife; artifacts; local ranches; more on campsites; Kluskoil Lake. TRACK 2: Pan Phillips' ranch; looking for obsidian in Ulkatcho mountains; more about Kluskus; other travellers; trail from Eliguk Lake to Ulkatcho; Mackenzie's accomplishment; visit to Mackenzie's rock; Saugstad house at Hagensborg.

Elmer Purdue interview

CALL NUMBER: T1785:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Elmer Purdue tells a story about hunting near Soda Creek and eating a groundhog; when he first met the Bryant family; a story about a mean old timer named Lou who attacked Mr. Purdue; people in the area; Bull Canyon; his first impressions of Cyrus Bryant who was fixing an out-of-tune piano; Mr. Madden who lived near Soda Creek; working at Gang Ranch; the Bryant family as he remembers them; and what his life was like when he met them. TRACK 2: Mr. Purdue continues by describing when the Bryant family arrived at Tatla Lake on Christmas; the trail from Alexis Creek to Bella Coola; Benny Franklin; more stories about life with the Bryant family at Tatla Lake; differences in the personalities of the Bryant children; stories about the children; hunting in Tatla Lake; working odd jobs for food.

CALL NUMBER: T1785:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], [1970?] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Purdue discusses more homes in which the Bryant family lived (while looking at pictures); a Bryant family dog named Sandy; a teacher named Brown; more stories. [NOTE: Mrs. Phyllis Bryant Kellis is also present at this interview, and offers some comments to encourage Mr. Purdue's recollections.] [TRACK 2: blank.]

Emmett Smith interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Emmett Smith : hauling freight and furs on the Fort Nelson Trail RECORDED: North Pine (B.C.), 1975-11-16 SUMMARY: Emmett Smith describes how he arrived in the Peace River country from Saskatchewan in 1928. Work during the 1930s. The fur trade economy. Freighting up to Fort Nelson by horse sleigh on frozen rivers (in winter) or scow on river (in summer). Overnight stops and severe weather. The native people, then and now. Wild animals. Construction of the Alaska Highway. Settling down.

From the mountains to the sea : Roads to the sea

SUMMARY: "Roads to the Sea", number 11 in the series, discusses journeys across the Chilcotin Plateau; the Indian "grease trails"; Alexander Mackenzie; horse and buggy roads; and a trip down the Homathko Valley to Bute Inlet. The Bryant family's journey to Tatla Lake. Lord Tweedsmuir's visit to the Bella Coola Valley. Voices heard include: Phyllis Bryant, Caroline Moffat, Alfred Bryant, Tom Carolan, and Albert Franklin.

Gus Milliken interview

CALL NUMBER: T0658:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1963-03-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Gus Milliken tells many stories from many different sources about the area around Yale. The first story takes place during the gold rush about a man who sells another man a claim to a mine which turned out to be a gravel mine, not a gold mine. Several other prospecting stories, some of which are fictitious. Early stories about the sternwheelers, including an argument between an engineer and the captain of a steamship; legends about the packer Cataline (Jean Caux); pack mules near Lytton; March 1858; a man named Hill, who discovered the first gold along the Fraser; the first hotels in the area; Joe MacKenzie, an original '58er; Ned Stout; Dewdney Landing; Bill MacKenzie, orchards, the building of the CPR station at Yale; some historical facts about the town of Yale; the first sawmill, first town council and first white male born in BC, Chinese miners and old timers. TRACK 2: Mr. Milliken describes how Yale got its name; its origins as a fort in 1846; the Hudson's Bay Company; the first buildings in Yale, L.T. Hill as the first person to discover gold in 1858; the relationship between the Hudson's Bay Company and San Francisco; the original Fort Hope, the people who worked in the first gold mines, activity in the area as it was being established, the first post office in 1916, Hope as a gold mining town; prospectors who had to move on to other places because all of the land had been staked; a dynamite plant; other early homes.

CALL NUMBER: T0658:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1963-03-13 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Milliken continues describing Andrew Onderdonk, who was "supposed to have built the railway but who was in fact the engineer". He describes the American company that paid for the building of the railway from Emory to beyond Yale. He discusses the construction of the railway; the first roads in the area; Indian trails in the area, including Douglas Portage and how Mr. Yale named it; he describes Mr. Yale; gold in Rock Creek; the Kettle Valley and the Canadian National Railroad [sic]; mills in the area; the Hope-Nicola trail and other trails.

Harold Engebretson interview

RECORDED: Anahim Lake (B.C.), [1970?] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Harold Engebretson remembers his father and life in the Anahim Lake area. His father, Tom Engebretson, came to Anahim Lake in 1899. Trails between Bella Coola and Towdystan. Harold was born in Bella Coola in 1912; childhood recollections of Bella Coola; he came to Anahim Lake to take over his father's ranch in the 1930s; anecdotes. Then an unidentified voice discusses Rich Hobson and his book "Grass Beyond the Mountains". TRACK 2: The discussion of Rich Hobson continues, including anecdotes about Hobson and his friend Pan Phillips. Then Harold returns to relate an anecdote (as told by his father) about bachelors in the Atnarko Valley.

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