Water pollution--British Columbia



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Water pollution--British Columbia

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Water pollution--British Columbia

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Water pollution--British Columbia

25 Archival description results for Water pollution--British Columbia

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Art Moore interview

CALL NUMBER: T2049:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Art Moore RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-27 SUMMARY: Art Moore started fishing in 1930 when he got his first license. You were not allowed in those days to get a license until you were 14 years old. He tells of how he went fishing when he was 13 and hid in the boat from the fisheries officer, as he had no license. He says the fisheries officer knew he was there but he never interfered with Art. The license cost $1.00. That fisheries officer is dead now. Pollution so bad in the North Arm that the vast number of salmon going up has been drastically reduced, due to mills, etc. Claims that the mills dump their vats into the river when everyone is sleeping. Millions of fish have been killed by pollution. "If they don't watch this a little closer there won't be a salmon left". "The Fraser is the largest spawning salmon river in the world". Moore also attributes the decrease in salmon to the population explosion and consequential raw sewage outfall. Moore caught typhoid on the Fraser and also a disease on his face. Deep-water ships used to come into the Terra Nova Cannery. Now these ships can't get within 5 miles of the cannery on account of the fill on the river and the flats. Recounts a story of one of his friends, Mr. Takahashi, who celebrated the bombing of Pearl Harbour: "They actually believed that they were going to take our country". Of all they boys that Art Moore went to school with (in his last year) he is the only one still alive. Recounts the story of a classmate named Yeta who had poor eyesight and was a good friend of his. When Yeta was 18 he had to go to Japan for military training and he was put into the front lines (in a trench) in the Manchurian War and was machine-gunned to death by a bi-plane. Recounts the story of another friend who went to Japan for military training and came back selling bonds. Art Moore claims that the Japanese-Canadians got paid more for their boats and land than they ever paid for them. CALL NUMBER: T2049:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Art Moore RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-01-29 SUMMARY: Art Moore recounts stories of incidents concerning Japanese submarines on the B.C. coast during the War (the shelling of Estevan Point etc.) Recounts the story of Jack Homer who got a shell from a Canadian war vessel show through his bow (this happened on the B.C. coast).

British Columbia's natural heritage

The item is a composite print of a documentary film from 1968. It shows the potential health hazards posed by environmental pollution in B.C., and the work of the Public Health Service and Pollution Control Board. Includes scenes documenting various sources of air and water pollution; sewage treatment; field testing of air, water, shellfish to determine health dangers, etc. Begins with a speech by Premier W.A.C. Bennett on the importance of keeping B.C. beautiful, despite the demands of progress.

British Columbia's natural heritage

Documentary. The potential health hazards posed by environmental pollution in B.C., and the work of the Public Health Service and Pollution Control Board. Includes scenes documenting various sources of air and water pollution; sewage treatment; field testing of air, water, shellfish to determine health dangers, etc. Begins with a speech by Premier W.A.C. Bennett on the importance of keeping B.C. beautiful, despite the demands of progress.

British Columbia's natural heritage : short version

The item is an educational film from 1968. It discusses the potential health hazards posed by environmental pollution in B.C., and the work of the Public Health Service and Pollution Control Board. Includes scenes documenting various sources of air and water pollution; sewage treatment; field testing of air, water, shellfish to determine health dangers, etc.

British Columbia's natural heritage : short version

Educational. The potential health hazards posed by environmental pollution in B.C., and the work of the Public Health Service and Pollution Control Board. Includes scenes documenting various sources of air and water pollution; sewage treatment; field testing of air, water, shellfish to determine health dangers, etc.

Charles Deagle interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Charles Deagle RECORDED: Richmond (B.C.), 1976-03-07 SUMMARY: Charles Deagle discusses his father, Billy Deagle, who worked for B.C. Electric as a conductor for 39 years. His father would take trainloads of halibut out of the cold storage plant in Steveston and take them to Vancouver. Discusses how his father brought the first trainload of Japanese to Steveston during the fishing strike in which the militia were used. The Japanese were brought in to break the strike. There wasn't another strike until 1936. Stagecoaches used to run out of Steveston. Describes early Steveston and Richmond, noting buildings, locations, people, and businesses. Discusses the several fires in Steveston. He attended Lord Byng school. Everybody got along well in the town because they were all busy making a living. Lots of drinking and bootlegging in those days. Big train station in Steveston at one time with freight shed. Discusses Moffat & Martin which imported Model T Ford cars and Ford tractors by the trainload. Moffat was a smart operator and Martin was on the work end. One year Moffat sold so many cars that Henry Ford gave him an especially built car as a bonus. The Japanese are good neighbours and good people. When WWII broke out it was terrible for the Japanese people. He entrusted with many belongings including 4 new cars, to look after until the war ended. He kept all of these until the custodian made him give them up. Some people thought that the Japanese were a threat during the War but they did not really know them. He lived with them and did not see them as anything but good people. After the War the canneries helped get the Japanese back into the industry by providing boats and gear. He built boats for Nelson Brothers at an old American army base in Port Edward. Later he became a fish buyer, and discusses his success. Unions and co-ops. Discusses pollution in the Fraser River. The Gulf of Georgia is just a big septic tank. He was so competitive to the companies that the cannery manager wouldn't talk to him during the fish season.

Environmental Appeal Board appeal records

  • GR-3999
  • Series
  • 1964-1987

This series consists of appeal files and other records from the Environmental Appeal Board, 1981-1987. The series also includes some appeal or hearing files from its predecessors, the Pesticide Control Appeal Board and Pollution Control Board dating back as early as 1964.

The appeals relate to a variety of permits and licences issued by the government to manage the use of various natural resources and other aspects of the environment. Appeal files are grouped by the piece of legislation they relate to.

Appeals and hearings under the Pesticide Control Act (RSBC 1979 c. 322) include the use and application of pesticides and herbicides for purposes including weed control, mosquito control, and wildlife (wolf and coyote) control. Most appeals wish to amend or cancel pesticide permits due to concerns including poison leeching into water supply, and injury to people or other animals.

Appeals under the Wildlife Act (SBC 1982 c. 57) relate to restoring hunting and guide outfitter licences which had been cancelled or amended as a result an of alleged contravention of the Wildlife Act.

Appeals under the Water Act (RSBC 1979 c. 429) may relate to the application, cancellation or amendment of water licences as well as other issues relating to water quality and quantity.

Appeal under the Waste Management Act (SBC 1982 c.41) and the Pollution Control Act (RSBC 1979 c. 332) relate to attempts to cancel or amend waste management permits. Permits may relate to disposing of sewage and other waste materials through burning, landfills, and release into the air or a body of water.

Appeal files may include respondent’s submissions, precedents, transcripts, exhibits, petitions, copies of permits, correspondence from stakeholders, maps, photographs, decisions, responses to decisions, permits, court records, newspaper clippings, and administrative records related to organizing the appeals.

The series also includes some transcripts of proceedings; reports or other reference material; day copies of correspondence from the Associate Deputy Minister E.H. Vernon and Deputy Minister Lloyd Brooks; and other administrative records relating to the operation of the Appeal Boards.

Transferred under one-time schedule number 870581.

British Columbia. Environmental Appeal Board

Fish and Wildlife Branch executive records and staff correspondence files

  • GR-4098
  • Series
  • 1969-1979

This series consists of correspondence created or received by various employees in the Department of Fish and Wildlife from 1969-1979. This includes correspondence inwards and outwards from the Minister of the Department of Recreation and Conservation, who led the Branch at this time. The majority of the records are correspondence files, often referred to as flimsies. There are also a variety of subject files kept by the Deputy Minister and Assistant Deputy Minister. The records relate to a wide variety of topics such as habitat protection, pollution, the impacts of resource extraction projects, impacts of recreation activities, wildlife management, policy development, legislation, intergovernmental projects, fisheries management, the Mair Report, and the McCarthy Hearing or Paish Affair.

The series includes correspondence to and or from the following individuals: William K. Kiernan and Jack Radford, Minister of Recreation and Conservation; Director of Fish and Wildlife Branch; D.J. Robinson, Assistant Director, Management and Development; D.M. Galbraith, G.D. Taylor, and M.R. Whatley, Fish Habitat Improvement; E.H. Vernon, Chief of Fisheries Improvement; R.C. Thomas, Fisheries Management; I.L. Wither and C.J. Bull, Fish Habitat protection; D. Demarchi, D.R. Halladay and W.A. McKay, Wildlife Biologist; K.R.D. Mundy, Assistant Chief of Wildlife Management; and W.G. Smith, Chief of Wildlife Management. Many other individuals may be included in the records, as many of the records are convenience copies sent to other executives as a reference. The minister's correspondence files may include letters written to or from other executives, such as the Deputy Minister.

Records also include memos and subject files used by particular employees. Correspondence files may include reports, maps and other enclosures. Correspondence referral replies are generally letters sent to the Minister or other executives and forwarded to other relevant employees for an answer. Many of these letters are from members of the public raising concerns over environmental issues such as pollution or industrial activities.

British Columbia. Fish and Wildlife Branch

Garvin Dezell interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Garvin Dezell describes the growth and expansion of Prince George including roads, railroads, industry, economy, population, municipal services, sawmills, pulp mills and pollution. Then; Mr. Dezell discusses his political career as mayor and offers some opinions. TRACK 2: Mr. Dezell continues discussing pulp mills, air and water pollution, Prince George as a centre for 100,000 people, population growth, highways and more opinions.

Isamu Matsuzaki interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Isamu Matsuzaki RECORDED: Richmond (B.C.), 1976-03-18 SUMMARY: Isamu Matsuzaki was born in 1902 in Courtenay, Vancouver Island. His father was a coal miner in the Cumberland Mine. He has no recollection of Cumberland. His father fished until 1927. They lived at Steveston where the B.C. Packers, Imperial Plant is now (1976). They had a big company house with some single fishermen boarders. His mother died when he was 14, he had 2 sisters and a brother. His father returned to Japan in 1927. His brother went to UBC and then returned to Japan to work. Lists canneries and describes Japanese community in Steveston as 2,000 people strong. Only fished one year when he was 17, then became a skipper in a packer boat. At age 19 he built his own packer and was skipper on it. Was a cash buyer for 2 seasons, working mostly for B.C. Packers. When the War came the government took his boat and sent it to the east coast. He also lost his house and property. He was sent to Castlegar near Nelson and worked in a mine there for 10 years. Returned to the coast in 1952 and went back to running a packer. He did not get adequate compensation for the loss of his house and property. Worked for B.C. Packers and then ran his brother-in-law's packer. Discusses improvements in equipment and packers, as well as current (1976) fishing industry. Japanese women worked filling cans by hand, and Chinese men lived in a big bunkhouse. Indians, Japanese and Whites got along fairly well, but lived in segregated houses. Discusses old community events in Steveston. One hour to Steveston from Vancouver by tram. He went to a Methodist Church as a child. Most of the Japanese remained Buddhist. Japanese Hospital was operated by the Japanese Fishermen's Association. Conflict between Japanese and White unions. Lots of farming by the Japanese as well. Recalls the Steveston opera house and hotels. The decline of farming in Steveston. The state and future of the fishing industry, and the impact of pollution in the Fraser River.

Memorandum of co-operation between the Province of British Columbia and the State of Washington

The item consists of a two page memorandum of co-operation dated July 10 1972. The memorandum is signed by Premier W.A.C. Bennett and Washington State Governor Daniel J. Evans and is an agreement to protect the common water boundary consisting of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, the Strait of Georgia, Puget Sound and their adjacent waters from the dangers of oil spills.

British Columbia. Dept. of the Provincial Secretary

[Pollution & air pollution effects]

Television stock shots. Footage showing the effects of environmental pollution; monitoring equipment; spills; smoke stacks; clean-ups.

Ron Malcolm interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Ron Malcom RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-02-01 SUMMARY: Ron Malcom started fishing in 1935 when he was 23 years old. His father was an engineer for the Gulf of Georgia Cannery. He has always had his own boat. He was born in Cranbrook. Several of his childhood friends also became fishermen. Description of early fishing and fishing equipment. Discusses fishing for dogfish when they were in demand around 1948 at the mouth of the Fraser with a sunken net. The wharves in Steveston have changed: the boats are better protected and there is a breakwater. He believes that electronic technology on boats is too efficient: it has cut the number of days you are allowed to fish from 5 to 2. Monofilament nets are illegal to use in this country but they are legal for the fishermen in Japan. The Japanese are the best fishermen in the world. He discusses Canada getting a 200-mile boundary. Canadians have 100 ft. draggers whilst the Russians have freighters. Canadian draggers may pick up 3 tons of fish whereas the Russian freighters will pick up 25030 tons at a time plus the Russians work 24 hours a day: "fishing can't stand that sort of thing". Canadian fishermen can't go off the coast to catch salmon. Discusses the difficulties of establishing international fishing regulations. Discusses the internment of Japanese during the War. There was a meeting of Steveston residents to protest this action by the government, which he attended. He was getting 50 cents a piece for sockeye in 1935. Discusses and gives an example of the high mark up of fish prices between the fishermen and the consumer. Deckhands used to be called partners of boat pullers, they got about one third of the profit. He recalls the first strike he was involved in. If a fisherman went out during the strike, others would get two rocks with a rope tied between them and drop it over the guys net who was fishing thus causing the net to sink. Discusses the various improvements the union has made. Log barges pollute the water with wooden needles that get in gills and kill the fish.

Thompson River Basin pre-planning study records

  • GR-3993
  • Series
  • 1975-1981

This series consists of reports, correspondence and other records related to the Thompson River Basin pre-planning study from 1975-1981. Most records were created or used by the Water Management Branch and Water Investigations Branch.

The records relate to a federal-provincial agreement to conduct a pre-planning study of water in the Thompson River Basin. The study was intended to describe the basin’s water resources, and identify existing and potential water resource problems related to water quality and quantity. The study was to begin looking at solutions to these problems and the value of a longer-term planning study. Records document the creation and implementation of the study which involved multiple ministries from both the provincial and federal governments. The study involved scientific studies and public consultation to gain an understanding of water management issues in the area, and their associated land use and economic activity.

Records include correspondence, draft studies, reports used as reference material, minutes, maps, photographs and newspaper clippings.

Records were selected for permanent retention under one time schedule number 890487.

British Columbia. Water Management Branch

Vaino Elmer Matson interview

SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Vaino Matson RECORDED: Richmond (B.C.), 1976-02-09 SUMMARY: Vaino Matson was born in Ladysmith, and came to Steveston in 1942. Started fishing in 1914 at Sointula which was a big family type of community. Fished in a Canadian Fish Co. sailboat in Rivers Inlet. Stayed out in the 26' boat for 4 or 5 days at a time with a canvas tent over the bow. He bought fish, collected for the company and seined as well. Got his first gas boat in 1924. Linen nets used before nylon. Began fishing in the Fraser River in 1942 for B.C. Packers. Unions before the War, the Pacific Coast Fishermen's Union and the Japanese had their own. Big strike at Rivers Inlet in 1936. Fish prices. Importance of unions. Fishing is not good for a family man, too much time away. Went to school in Sointula, classes were in English. His father was a coal miner and them a fisherman in Ladysmith, Nanaimo and Comox. Lived on Chatham Street in Steveston since 1942. Steveston hasn't changed or improved since 1942. He never farmed. Trapped up north and still has a trap line on Gambier Island. Not much change in Fraser River. The river is polluted and you shouldn't eat the fish from it. Used to fish halibut at Hardy Bay on the end of Vancouver Island. Discusses canneries. Got along well with Indian fishermen "If you treat people square and honest, they treat you the same, that's the best way to be". His wife never worked in canneries. Prefers gillnetters and working alone. (sound level becomes inaudible). Discusses early Sointula. During the War, you had to stop and report to a centre at York Island just before Port Melville Island. He tried to get by one night in sloppy weather and he was shot at twice by the navy. Recalls working in North Vancouver during the war. Discusses the Depression. Talks of people at Rivers Inlet: Chief Johnson and his wife who smoked fish at Kildala Bay in 1918. In 1927, if it wasn't for H.R. MacMillan, B.C. Packers would have folded.

Victoria Sewage Treatment Alliance fonds

  • PR-2130
  • Fonds
  • 1977-2017, predominant 2000-2017

The fonds consists of records created and compiled by the Victoria Sewage Treatment Alliance (VSTA) and document the organizations efforts to raise awareness about the need for sewage treatment in the greater Victoria area. The VSTA, formed in 2005, is a volunteer organization with the goal of attaining sustainable and affordable sewage treatment for Victoria and the Capital Regional District (CRD).

The records consist primarily of a collection of reports, meeting minutes, and media coverage, as well as some audiovisual materials and photographs. The involvement of Mr. Floatie, the highly visible mascot of the campaign, is well documented in the photographs.

Victoria Sewage Treatment Alliance

Waste management area files

  • GR-4037
  • Series
  • 1948-1981

This series consists of waste management files for areas across the province from 1948-1981. The records were created by the Pollution Control Branch of the Ministry of Environment, and its predecessors. They document the management of waste outside the waste management permit system, but still under the authority of the Waste Management Act (SBC 1982 c. 41).

Waste management can involve the disposal or mitigation of: water pollution, assessing water quality, sewage, waste from slaughterhouses and canneries, garbage and other solid waste, heavy metals, oil, agricultural or manure, and other industrial discharges.

Topics addressed in the files include: major federal-provincial or international activities or issues related to large areas such as an entire watershed; assessments of the environmental health of certain areas of the province through various tests, sampling, inspections and surveys; liaison with other waste management authorities in the province, such as municipalities and other levels of government; correspondence with individuals or groups making complaints or voicing concerns over environmental issues and waste disposal; and correspondence with potential permittees prior to application of a waste management permit.

Records include correspondence, memoranda, water quality reports, studies, statistical data, agreements, newspaper clippings, photos and maps.

Some of the larger files regard places such as: Columbia River basin, Buttle Lake, Fraser River, Kamloops, Kelowna, Libby Dam, Naramata, Okanagan Basin, Thompson River, Trail Cominco Mine, Victoria, and the Greater Vancouver area. However, other files relate to other municipalities and bodies of water across the province.

The records are arranged alphabetically by area or place. Some files contain records related to multiple places beginning with a particular latter. For example, the 'Area “D”' file includes records on Deroche, Dawson Creek, Deadman Creek, etc.

British Columbia. Pollution Control Branch