World War, 1914-1918--Veterans



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World War, 1914-1918--Veterans

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World War, 1914-1918--Veterans

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World War, 1914-1918--Veterans

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48th Battalion C.E.F. Association fonds

  • PR-2296
  • Fonds
  • 1915-1980

The fonds consists of the records of the 48th Battalion, C.E.F., Association and includes correspondence, newsletters, programs and financial information from 1936 to 1980. Most of these records were created by the Association's Vancouver branch secretary, Al La Fortune. The fonds also includes a photograph album created by La Fortune between 1915 and 1959 which shows members of the 48th Battalion (3rd Pioneer Battalion) at the Willows training camp in Victoria, going overseas, in England and at Vimy in France. The album also has photographs of the Association getting together for their reunions in Victoria from 1947 to 1959.

48th Battalion C.E.F. Association

Catherine Neave interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-11-08 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Catherine Neave talks about her family and life in the Ellison/Rutland area near Kelowna, 1890 to 1965. She discusses her father, her family background, and details about various family members. She describes the family farm; orchards and ranches in the Kelowna area; more on her father's background; coming to the Okanagan, including details about early life there and working for Cornelius O'Keefe; preemption in Rutland. She offers several childhood memories, including her school days in the Ellison district. She describes how her father sold land to the CNR. She discusses h;er own dealing with the highways department. She offers more on early life; raising children; the family ranch and orchard and working alone on the orchard. TRACK 2: Mrs. Neave discusses the Glenmore and Ellison districts; chores on her father's ranch; her brother and sister; her father's sense of discipline; running the ranch alone; Englishmen; the Belgo syndicate; comments on real estate men dealings; the fruit industry in the Okanagan; the soldier settlement orchards; and stories about her parents.;


Amateur film. Unedited film of Remembrance Day parade, observers and ceremony at Victory Square in Vancouver, including laying of wreaths. Other shots include children on field gun exhibit and woman in Red Cross uniform. Some of this footage may have been used in FOR ALL WE HAVE AND ARE.

Churchill at New Westminster lacrosse final

The item is a reel of film, possibly a newsreel item. Winston Churchill emerges from a car and meets a group of male civilians wearing medals [the "Old Contemptibles of B.C.," a group of WWI veterans], who present him with a membership pin. Churchill speaks from a platform to a large crowd. Officials and lacrosse teams pose for the camera. Churchill puts down ball for play; shots of lacrosse game.

D.G. McCrae interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], [196-] SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. D.G. McCrae briefly discusses the agricultural soldier settlement scheme in the south Okanagan from 1918 to the 1930s, and compares it with the less successful CPR Van Horne colony in Saskatchewan. [TRACK 2: blank.]

For all we have and are

Amateur film. A propaganda film, made in the early days of the Second World War. Opening with footage of a giant Empire Youth Rally at Brockton Point Oval, the film illustrates Canadian democratic values, institutions and ideals which are now threatened by fascism and war -- farming, industry, the home and family, education, racial tolerance, elections, and religious freedom. Also includes footage of First World War memorials in Vancouver and Victoria, cemeteries, Remembrance Day ceremonies and parades, and veterans. Canada's contribution to the war effort is shown through shots of recruiting stations, marching recruits, military parades, warships, etc. One lengthy sequence uses model airplanes, dramatizations, stock shots, photographs, and footage of local civil defence drills to simulate the impact of aerial attacks on British cities during the Blitz (including civilian casualties and damaged or burning buildings).

Howard C. Green interview : [Burg, 1973]

CALL NUMBER: T0525:0003 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1973-01-19 SUMMARY: Howard C. Green describes his experiences as an officer in the Canadian Corps in France during World War I; studying law in Ontario and B.C.; entering law practice; involvement in the Conservative Party (Vancouver South Conservative Association); elected M.P. in 1935; Veteran's Affairs critic in opposition under R.B. Bennett; defence issues during World War II, including conscription; postwar reconstruction and rehabilitation of Canada's economy.

CALL NUMBER: T0525:0004 RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1974-04-14 SUMMARY: Howard C. Green discusses: the Conservative leadership conference of 1956; 1957 federal election (minority Conservative government); Green was Minister of Public Works, Acting Minister of Defence Production, and Government House Leader; doubling of cabinet portfolios; Columbia River Project and international treaty negotiations; how W.A.C. Bennett thwarted the federal government's intentions regarding downstream power generation; defence procurement and crown corporations; Green became Minister of External Affairs in June 1959; importance of Commonwealth ties; Canadian attitudes to the United States; dealings with U.S. Secretaries of State Chris Herter and Dean Rusk, and with President Eisenhower; the future of Canada-U.S. relations.

H.V. "Paddy" Acland interview

CALL NUMBER: T1085:0001 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-11-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Paddy Acland remembers a few anecdotes about hunting and hiking in the BC interior. He explains how he came out to British Columbia from England after serving with the British Army duri;ng the Boer War. He describes expectations of life in BC and offers comments on the background of his father, John Acland. He arrived in BC in 1908; he describes the appearance of Summerland. He discusses his first jobs in the Okanagan; building his first log cabin; an anecdote about digging a basement for "Old Johnson"; buying and pre empting land in the Okanagan. TRACK 2: Paddy Acland describes the development of his own property near Eneas Lake between Peachland and Summerland. He discusses his first impressions of the Okanagan Valley, coming into it via train and boat. He describes ;the sternwheeler "Aberdeen"; labouring for a tobacco farmer in Kelowna; working for a dairy farmer, the meanest man Mr. Acland had ever met; comments on another employer, named "Fluffy" Williston. Mr. Acland offers further comments on British immigrants who came to the Okanagan during this era.

CALL NUMBER: T1085:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-11-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Paddy Acland mentions his first jobs in the Okanagan, including lumber sorting and surveying. Mr. Acland returned to England for two months, and then returned to the Okanagan. He offers an; anecdote about a man being thrown into Lake Okanagan with all of his belongings, for making a pass at a local girl, and the "rough" justice of the era. More anecdotes about promiscuity between wives; of landed settlers and hired working men. Mr. Acland discusses his marriage to a girl from Summerland, and a digression on the different types of English immigrants, including the class that settled; in Vernon during the early decades of the century, which he found snobbish and pretentious. He describes the mixture of settlers in Kelowna during this era. TRACK 2: Mr. Acland offers comments about the Edgelow family of Kelowna, particularly Mrs. Edgelow, who delighted in shocking Kelowna residents prior to World War I. He comments on the background of the Acland family and offers anecdotes ;about his mother-in-law, Mrs. Hutton of Kelowna, an ardent Catholic convert who often entertained in her large home. He tells a story about an English orchardist who planted his trees upside down, an;d describes dances and social activities in the Okanagan Valley during this era. He describes the growth and development of Summerland during its early years and reflects upon the different currents ;of immigrants and settlers which have made up the fabric of Canadian society.

CALL NUMBER: T1085:0003 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-11-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Paddy Acland discusses some early Okanagan Valley residents. He admits that he joined the Baptist church choir to meet young and single women. He discusses relations with the Indians in the reserve near Summerland; the story of Sam McGee; comments on how the capital of early settlers was used and misused; a recollection of J.M. Robinson; comments on the Manitoba farmers induced to come; to the Okanagan Valley by Robinson; comments on how young men made a living in the Okanagan during this era; a story about the fortunes of three young working men; and comments on the Dominion Experimental Farm at Summerland. TRACK 2: Mr. Acland recalls several characters at Cobble Hill, Duncan, and offers a comparison between Vancouver Island and the Okanagan Valley during the early years of t;he century. He discusses personalities and experiences at Thetis Island; then he tells a story about two young men who shot a policeman in the Okanagan Valley, and were hunted by posses throughout the valley. More comments on English settlers; the story of the Belleview Hotel; anecdotes about the antics at the Belleview Hotel, and a physical description of the hotel.;

CALL NUMBER: T1085:0004 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-11-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Paddy Acland retraces early working experiences and life in the Okanagan Valley. He describes Okanagan Falls around the time of the First World War; the town of Kaleden; a story about Tom E;llis; stories about rattlesnakes; a story about competing in the long jump against an Indian at Penticton; comments about Penticton and Naramata; a description of Peachland; comments about settlements; on the west side of Okanagan Lake; J.C. Dun-Waters and the building of Fintry; dairy farming; comments about the simple funerals of several wealthy Okanagan residents; and an anecdote about the funeral of Matt Wilson. TRACK 2: Mr. Acland recalls his service with a military regiment in the Okanagan Valley; organizational and disciplinary problems with the Okanagan military regiment; military stories and training with different military regiments in BC and eastern Canada.;

CALL NUMBER: T1085:0005 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-11-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Paddy Acland discusses military training and service overseas with a Canadian battalion during the First World War. He offers further recollections of aspects of military training in British Columbia. TRACK 2: Mr. Acland tells a story of bear hunting behind his homestead with a local Indian. He describes his service as a government weed inspector along Lake Okanagan, and tells a story; about entry into the military. He comments about training in the Okanagan and he traces his military career.

CALL NUMBER: T1085:0006 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-11-12 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Paddy Acland discusses further aspects of his military experience overseas during World War I. TRACK 2: Mr. Acland offers recollections about flying aircraft and training pilots during World War I; returning to the Okanagan Valley after the war; a story about losing his land after the war, and serving as a manager at the Eldorado ranch. Finally, he discusses hard times.

Kiyoji Iizuka interview

Item consists of two audio recordings of an interview with Kiyoji Iizuka, a Japanese-Canadian immigrant. The first recording (T0113:0001) covers the time period of 1886-1915 and discusses Iizuka's birth in 1886, his life growing up in Japan, working on a British boat, arriving in Victoria in 1910, and working as a labourer until the age of 75, when he retired.

The second recording (T0113:0002) covers the time period of 1915-1918 and Iizuka describes being one of the Japanese volunteer soldiers in World War I. He mentions various battles and the injuries that he received during the three years he served overseas. There were 200 Japanese volunteers and over 50 had died by the end of the war.

A third recording was created, however the original reel and the reference cassette are blank. Based on the associated documentation, this portion of the interview covers the time period between 1915-1945. Iizuka discusses his rights as a Canadian and explains that he held the right to vote because he had fought in the war (only Japanese-Canadian veterans were eligible to vote). Iizuka explains that he voted for the C.C.F because they supported the Japanese against racism. He also discusses the lack of support he felt during the Second World War.

The first reel was recorded in Vancouver on October 24, 1972; the second reel was recorded in Vancouver on November 15, 1972; and the third reel was recorded in Vancouver on November 11, 1972.

L.J. Bettison interview : [Orchard, 1966]

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1966-02-03 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. Leo J. Bettison recalls some of his experiences in the central interior of BC, 1912 to 1914; and in the south Okanagan, 1918 to 1922. He describes his arrival in Victoria in 1912; work on Saltspring Island; work surveying and trapping in the Fort George area; joining up for World War I; travels; people in the Fort George area, including Billy Seymour and "Six-Mile Mary"; a potlatch on Saltspring Island; more details about the Fort George area; incidents in the bush; his return to Canada after the war, and his work in Saanich. TRACK 2: Mr. Bettison describes the making of straw;berry jam; going to the Okanagan and his early work there; farming near Oliver; a story about a deer shot near Fairview; Fairview and the people there; orchards in Oliver; irrigation; an anecdote about soldier-settlement schemes; buying hay from "Old MacIntyre"; Bill Skunover; stories about Indians in the Oliver area.

Margaret Draper interview

CALL NUMBER: T0904:0001 - 0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-10 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Margaret F. Draper remembers her childhood at Crawford Bay. She offers her memories of coming out to Canada in 1905 as a child on the SS "Vancouver" from Liverpool; her adventures on the train from Montreal to Winnipeg; her parents deciding to come to Nelson; her father, Frederick W. Simpson, bought land at Crawford Bay; reasons for coming to Canada and why they had to stay; her father was a school teacher and her mother, Eve Simpson, was a nurse. She describes her mother and Edith Cavell and the World War I soldiers' tuberculosis sanitariums at Balfour, B.C., from 1917 to 1918. Her mother found the adjustment to the new life in Canada difficult; no servants. Their house burned down in 1908; her father had a private income; bought land at Crawford Bay and she describes the move from Nelson to Crawford Bay. TRACK 2: Mrs. Draper continues with the family's move to Crawford Bay; her first days at Crawford Bay; Jack Horton and his family; starting school; her father was a volunteer teacher; the development of the Crawford Bay settlement; remittance men; Commander and Mrs. Harrison; the first years of fruit growing; Kootenay Indians; Pete and Martha who were two Kootenay Indians; and the Gray Creek settlement.

CALL NUMBER: T0904:0002 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1964-09-10 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mrs. Draper continues with more on Kootenay Indians, such as their clothing and details about trapping; Edward "Teddy" Wakefield's store; the Farmer's Institute in 1914; the impact of World War I; the impact of the Depression; the highway; 1947 steamers and tugboats on Kootenay Lake; regattas and races; the Pilot Bay community; the family named their farm St. Dunstan's Ranch after a boys' school in England; the Burden and Watson sawmill in 1908; clearing land; George Zimmer; August "Gus" Hout and more on Teddy Wakefield. TRACK 2: Mrs. Draper concludes with a description of how William "Will" Bayliss captures everyday events in cartoons; an anecdote about "greenhorns"; recreation and amusements; boats from Gray Creek are described; tragedies; nostalgia; no church at Crawford Bay; weddings; Mr. William Goodwin; her father's death; her father in World War I, in Bonnington Falls and Field BC; a prisoner of war story; her mother as a nurse in the Crawford Bay area; and Eugene "Gene" Montreuil.

Micky and Effie McGuire interview

RECORDED: [location unknown], 1965-11-05 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Mr. and Mrs. McGuire talk about people in the Vernon area, 1904 to 1930. Mrs. McGuire begins by describing why the family came to the Okanagan, including her expectations and impressions of; the valley. She discusses childhood memories; school; neighbours and the character of Vernon and the people there; Judge Spinks; W.C. Ricardo; Coldstream Ranch; riding; rattlesnakes and Mr. Mackie's; campaign against them; schools in the area; general comments on Vernon and remittance men; Ewings Landing and Fintry. Then Mr. McGuire discusses his early work in the area; the Wilmot family; Mr. Kitison; a discussion of fruit marketing and a shipping cartel. TRACK 2: Mr. McGuire continues with more on fruit marketing; jobs he held as a surveyor and forestry worker; he describes White Valley; a description of Lavington; banker G.A. Henderson; returning from World War I; soldier settlement orchards; water surveys in the Adams River area; Mackie's anti-rattlesnake campaign; coal seams at Shorts Mountain; Joe Harwood; and a story about J.C. Dun-Waters of Fintry.

[Remembrance day parade, 1941?]

Out-takes?. Shows a Remembrance Day parade on Burrard Street Bridge and through downtown Vancouver streets. Probably out-takes from FOR ALL WE HAVE AND ARE.

Ted Bain interview

CALL NUMBER: T1986:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Director of Medical Services; Veteran's Affairs, Ottawa PERIOD COVERED: 1940-1976 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-03-01 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Goes to Ottawa as Director of Medical Services for Veteran's Affairs. Christie Street Hospital in Toronto from 1942 to 1943; what this position involved; how Sunnybrook Hospital started and the other administrative problems of the building; in 1950, he came to Vancouver and was Chief Medical Officer of Shaughnessy Hospital. Discussion of Shaughnessy and how he worked there; meeting Princess Margaret, Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip; John Diefenbaker, Louis St. Laurent; Danny Kaye and Bob Hope. TRACK 2: Discussion of the people he met; being awarded the OBE; conclusion of interview -- how medicine has changed, and prevailing attitudes in medicine today. CALL NUMBER: T1986:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Dr. T. Bain, Veteran's Affairs and Shaughnessy Hospital PERIOD COVERED: 1898-1940 RECORDED: [location unknown], 1976-03-01 SUMMARY: TRACK 1: Born in 1898 in Huntley, Aberdeenshire, Scotland; schooling in Scotland; came to Toronto at 14; got job at Eaton's; enlisted in 1915; discussion of army life; training and overseas; in 48th Highlanders, 15th Battalion; went overseas in 1916, Vimy Ridge and Ypres; deciding to go to University of Toronto to take medicine in 1920; description of classes and classmates; interest in public health. TRACK 2: Graduated in medicine in 1926; then interned at Toronto General Hospital; lived at Knox College at the university; entered overseas service to examine immigrants to Canada; went to England; went to William Head on Vancouver Island; quarantine station; 30 cases of smallpox; how the Depression affected him and the people he saw; description of William Head and its purpose; stayed until 1939 and went to Vancouver to take over Shaughnessy Hospital; brief history of Shaughnessy Hospital; how he got his next position.

Walter Butterworth interview

CALL NUMBER: T0097:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Walter Butterworth : reminiscences of an old-time soldier on war and civilian life RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-08-10 SUMMARY: Walter Butterworth was born in 1885 and discusses his family life in England, going to work at 14 years old and describes pre-war army training and life. CALL NUMBER: T0097:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Walter Butterworth - personal experiences of a reservist rejoining the army RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-08-14 SUMMARY: Walter Butterworth completed 3 months of active war duty before being wounded. He was present at the retreat from Mons and the first battle of Ypres. Conditions, supplies, and medical care at the front are discussed. CALL NUMBER: T0097:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Walter Butterworth - re-establishment into civilian life RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-08-17 SUMMARY: Walter Butterworth discusses a convalescent camp -- Eton Park, Manchester. Immigrating to Vancouver in 1919, work with veterans -- Soldiers Civil Re-establishment. CALL NUMBER: T0097:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): Walter Butterworth - development of Canada Western Cordage Co. Ltd. RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-08-21 SUMMARY: Walter Butterworth discusses the formation of the Canada Western Cordage Co. which was formed by war veterans for war veterans in 1919. The only successful company for war vets.

William Hargreaves interview

CALL NUMBER: T0048:0001 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): William Hargreaves RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-04-27 SUMMARY: William Hargreaves was born in 1885 and gives a description of his childhood in England were at 13 he began apprenticeships in shipbuilding, streetcar making, cotton mill. Came to Canada in 1900 and farmed in Ontario, in B.C. He worked at Fraser Mills for B.C. Electric. Discusses experiences in World War One; he was wounded early in the war and spent the remaining war years in Britain. CALL NUMBER: T0048:0002 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): William Hargreaves RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-04-27 & 1972-05-03 SUMMARY: William Hargreaves gives an account of his war experiences and also the year after World War One, where in England, he was involved in the demobbing riots. His discussion of the riots between troops and police at various camps is very informative. On his return to Canada he worked as a lecturer in the construction of farm buildings (silos etc.) at Gifford, a 600 acre farm under the control of the Soldier's Settlement Board. CALL NUMBER: T0048:0003 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): William Hargreaves RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-04-30 SUMMARY: William Hargreaves gives a detailed description of the farm at Gifford: the number of veterans, the organization of work, the farm manager, the learn-work arrangement. He also discusses the construction projects on which he worked in Vancouver -- the Hotel Vancouver, the Court House, the development of Shaughnessy Heights. There are accounts of the riots during the Depression, his return to England for four years and finally his return to Canada. CALL NUMBER: T0048:0004 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): William Hargreaves RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-05-16 SUMMARY: William Hargreaves, World War One and World War Two veteran, discusses history, the Veteran's Guard, and legion work. CALL NUMBER: T0048:0005 SUPPLIED TITLE OF TAPE(S): William Hargreaves RECORDED: Vancouver (B.C.), 1972-05-16 SUMMARY: William Hargreaves talks about his activities after retirement, his career as an artist, his sickness and hospitalization. He discusses his views on politics, current affairs (1972), on construction in 1972 as opposed to former years, as well as his attitude towards people and his expectations of people.